descomponer

v.
1 to rot (pudrir) (fruit).
la humedad descompone ciertos alimentos dampness makes some foods rot
2 to break down.
descomponer algo en to break something down into
3 to mess up.
4 to damage, to break.
la cena le descompuso el vientre the dinner gave him an upset stomach
creo que comí algo que me descompuso (el cuerpo) I think I ate something that didn't agree with me
5 to annoy.
6 to put out of order, to impair, to rack up, to disarrange.
Ricardo descompuso la máquina Richard put the machine out of order.
7 to upset, to disturb, to unsettle.
Su ataque descompuso a María His attack upset Mary.
* * *
descomponer
Conjugation model [PONER], like {{link=poner}}poner (pp descompuesto,-a)
verbo transitivo
1 (separar) to break down, split up
2 (estropear) to break
3 (desorganizar) to mess up, upset
4 (desordenar) to mess up
me ha descompuesto toda la habitación he messed up my bedroom
5 FÍSICA to resolve
6 QUÍMICA to decompose
7 MATEMÁTICAS to split up
8 figurado (molestar) to disturb, upset; (irritar) irritate
9 (pudrir) to rot
verbo pronominal descomponerse
1 (pudrirse) to decompose, rot
2 (estropearse) to break down
3 (enfermar) to feel ill
4 (enfadarse) to lose one's temper, get angry
me descompongo cuando dices tantas tonterías it makes me angry when you say such rubbish
5 FÍSICA to resolve
6 QUÍMICA to decompose
7 MATEMÁTICAS to split
* * *
verb
1) to rot
2) break
* * *
( pp descompuesto)
1. VT
1) (=dividir) [+ palabra, frase] to break down, break up; [+ sustancia, molécula, número] to break down; [+ luz] to break up, split up

tienes que descomponer el informe en partes — you have to break down the report into separate parts

2) (=pudrir) [+ alimento] to rot; [+ cadáver, cuerpo] to decompose
3) * (=alterar)

la mala noticia lo descompuso — the bad news really shook him

me descompone tanto desorden — all this mess really gets to me * o irritates me

las especias me descomponen el vientre — spicy food gives me diarrhoea o (EEUU) diarrhea

4) * (=romper) to break
5) frm [+ peinado] to disturb, disarrange; [+ planes] to upset, disrupt
2.
See:
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
1) <alimento/cadáver> to rot, cause ... to decompose o rot
2) (esp AmL) <máquina/aparato> to break; <peinado> to mess up
3) <persona>
a) (producir malestar) olor to make ... queasy

la noticia la descompuso — she felt quite ill when she heard the news

b) (producir diarrea) to give ... diarrhea*
2.
descomponerse v pron
1) luz to split; sustancia to break down, separate
2) cadáver/alimento to rot, decompose (frml)
3) cara (+ me/te/le etc)

se le descompuso la cara cuando se lo dije — he looked really upset when I told him

4) (esp AmL) máquina/aparato to break down
a) (sentir malestar)

hacía tanto calor que se descompuso — it was so hot that he felt sick

se descompuso cuando supo la noticia — he felt quite ill when he heard the news

b) (del estómago) to have an attack of diarrhea*
6) (CS) tiempo to become unsettled; día to cloud over
* * *
= break down, break into + parts, break up, pull apart, disaggregate, dissect, parse, break out, break out into.
Ex. The holdings are broken down into several volumes, shown as the next level of the pyramid.
Ex. Break complex statements into parts if you'are not sure how to apply the restrictor.
Ex. Subarrangement at entry terms can break up long sequences of entries listed under the same keyword.
Ex. All these bits of raw material -- these 'chunks of reality' as McNair calls them -- are encapsulated in a carefully organized and well-rounded whole, which the reader must pull apart and put together again.
Ex. Outcomes can be disaggregated along age, class, ethnic, racial, & gender dimensions.
Ex. GMMA has developed a layered approach to visual indexing that dissects the objects, style and implication of each image, so that the indexing system can accommodate all potential approaches to the material.
Ex. This is only possible if the incoming message has an identifiable structure that can be parsed and converted to resemble a protocol message.
Ex. Turnaround managers want current financial and working capital analyses broken out by cost/profit centres.
Ex. The categories in Figure 1 could easily be broken out into additional subdivisions = Las cagegorías de la Figura 1 se puede descomponer fácilmente en subdivisiones adicionales.
----
* descomponer en = break down into, break up into.
* descomponerse = disintegrate, rot, decompose, putrefy.
* descomponerse en = break into.
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
1) <alimento/cadáver> to rot, cause ... to decompose o rot
2) (esp AmL) <máquina/aparato> to break; <peinado> to mess up
3) <persona>
a) (producir malestar) olor to make ... queasy

la noticia la descompuso — she felt quite ill when she heard the news

b) (producir diarrea) to give ... diarrhea*
2.
descomponerse v pron
1) luz to split; sustancia to break down, separate
2) cadáver/alimento to rot, decompose (frml)
3) cara (+ me/te/le etc)

se le descompuso la cara cuando se lo dije — he looked really upset when I told him

4) (esp AmL) máquina/aparato to break down
a) (sentir malestar)

hacía tanto calor que se descompuso — it was so hot that he felt sick

se descompuso cuando supo la noticia — he felt quite ill when he heard the news

b) (del estómago) to have an attack of diarrhea*
6) (CS) tiempo to become unsettled; día to cloud over
* * *
= break down, break into + parts, break up, pull apart, disaggregate, dissect, parse, break out, break out into.

Ex: The holdings are broken down into several volumes, shown as the next level of the pyramid.

Ex: Break complex statements into parts if you'are not sure how to apply the restrictor.
Ex: Subarrangement at entry terms can break up long sequences of entries listed under the same keyword.
Ex: All these bits of raw material -- these 'chunks of reality' as McNair calls them -- are encapsulated in a carefully organized and well-rounded whole, which the reader must pull apart and put together again.
Ex: Outcomes can be disaggregated along age, class, ethnic, racial, & gender dimensions.
Ex: GMMA has developed a layered approach to visual indexing that dissects the objects, style and implication of each image, so that the indexing system can accommodate all potential approaches to the material.
Ex: This is only possible if the incoming message has an identifiable structure that can be parsed and converted to resemble a protocol message.
Ex: Turnaround managers want current financial and working capital analyses broken out by cost/profit centres.
Ex: The categories in Figure 1 could easily be broken out into additional subdivisions = Las cagegorías de la Figura 1 se puede descomponer fácilmente en subdivisiones adicionales.
* descomponer en = break down into, break up into.
* descomponerse = disintegrate, rot, decompose, putrefy.
* descomponerse en = break into.

* * *
descomponer [E22 ]
vt
A (dividir, separar) ‹número› to factorize, break … down into factors; ‹luz› to split up, break up; ‹sustancia› to break down, separate … into compounds
B ‹alimento/cadáver› to rot, cause … to decompose o rot
C (esp AmL)
1 ‹máquina/aparato› to break
2 ‹peinado/juego› to mess up
D ‹persona›
1
(producir malestar): ese olor penetrante me descompone that strong smell makes me feel queasy o nauseous
la noticia del accidente la descompuso she felt quite ill when she heard about the accident
2 (producir diarrea) to give … diarrhea*
descomponerse
v pron
A «luz» to split; «sustancia» to break down, separate; «partícula/isótopo» to decay
B «cadáver/alimento» to rot, decompose (frml)
C
«cara» (+ me/te/le etc): se le descompuso la cara cuando se lo dije he looked really upset o his face dropped a mile when I told him
D (esp AmL) «máquina/aparato» to break down
E «persona»
1
(sentir malestar): hacía tanto calor que se descompuso it was so hot that he started feeling sick o queasy
se descompuso cuando supo la noticia he felt quite ill when he heard the news
2 (del estómago) to have an attack of diarrhea*
F (CS) «tiempo» to become unsettled, change for the worse; «día» to cloud over
amaneció un día precioso, pero más tarde se descompuso it started out as a lovely day, but it clouded over later
* * *

descomponer (conjugate descomponer) verbo transitivo
1alimento/cadáverto rot, cause … to decompose o rot
2 (esp AmL) ‹máquina/aparatoto break;
peinadoto mess up
3persona
a) (producir malestar) [olor] to make … queasy

b) (producir diarrea) to give … diarrhea(conjugate diarrhea)

descomponerse verbo pronominal
1 [luz] to split;
[sustancia] to break down, separate
2 [cadáver/alimento] to rot, decompose (frml)
3 (esp AmL) [máquina/aparato] to break down
4 [persona] (sentir malestar) to feel sick;
(del estómago) to have an attack of diarrhea(conjugate diarrhea)
6 (CS) [tiempo] to become unsettled;
[día] to cloud over
descomponer verbo transitivo
1(dividir) to break up, split
2 (pudrir) to rot, decompose
3 (poner nervioso) to get on sb's nerves
4 (el rostro) to distort
'descomponer' also found in these entries:
Spanish:
descompuse
- pudrir
English:
break
* * *
descomponer
vt
1. [pudrir] [fruta, comida, cuerpo] to rot;
un organismo que descompone los cadáveres an organism that causes bodies to decompose o rot;
la humedad descompone ciertos alimentos dampness makes some foods rot
2. [dividir] [sustancia, molécula] to break down;
[luz] to split up; [átomo] to split;
descomponer algo en to break sth down into
3. [desordenar] to mess up
4. [estropear] [aparato, motor] to break
5. [indisponer]
la cena le descompuso el vientre the dinner gave him an upset stomach;
creo que comí algo que me descompuso (el cuerpo) I think I ate something that didn't agree with me
6. [turbar, alterar] to disturb, to upset;
algo que dije pareció descomponerlo something I said seemed to upset him
7. [enojar] to annoy;
su pasividad me descompone his passivity annoys me
8. Mat
descomponer en factores (primos) to factorize
See also the pronominal verb descomponerse
* * *
descomponer
<part descompuesto> v/t
1 (dividir) break down
2 L.Am. (romper) break
3 (pudrir) cause to decompose
4 plan upset
* * *
descomponer {60} vt
1) : to rot, to decompose
2) desbaratar: to break, to break down
See also the reflexive verb descomponerse
* * *
descomponer vb (sustancia) to break down [pt. broke; pp. broken]

Spanish-English dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • descomponer — verbo transitivo 1. Separar (una persona o una cosa) los componentes de [una sustancia]: Descomponemos el agua en oxígeno e hidrógeno. 2. Separar (una persona o una cosa) las …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • descomponer — Se conjuga como: reponer Infinitivo: Gerundio: Participio: descomponer descomponiendo descompuesto     Indicativo   presente imperfecto pretérito futuro condicional yo tú él, ella, Ud. nosotros vosotros ellos, ellas, Uds. descompongo descompones… …   Wordreference Spanish Conjugations Dictionary

  • descomponer — descomponer(se) ‘Desordenar(se), estropear(se) o corromper(se)’ y ‘separar(se) las diversas partes de un todo’. Verbo irregular: se conjuga como poner (→ apéndice 1, n.º 47). El imperativo singular es descompón (tú) y descomponé (vos), y no ⊕… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • descomponer — (De des y componer). 1. tr. Desordenar y desbaratar. U. t. c. prnl.) 2. Separar las diversas partes que forman un compuesto. 3. Indisponer los ánimos, hacer que se pierda la amistad, confianza o buena correspondencia. 4. Averiar, estropear,… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • descomponer — {{#}}{{LM D12371}}{{〓}} {{ConjD12371}}{{\}}CONJUGACIÓN{{/}}{{SynD12653}} {{[}}descomponer{{]}} ‹des·com·po·ner› {{《}}▍ v.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} {{♂}}Referido a una sustancia o a un todo,{{♀}} separar sus componentes o sus partes: • Para descomponer… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • descomponer — (Derivado de poner < lat. ponere, colocar.) ► verbo transitivo/ pronominal 1 Separar los componentes de una sustancia o las partes de un asunto o problema. SE CONJUGA COMO poner SINÓNIMO disociar 2 Alterar una cosa una sustancia orgánica: ■ la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • descomponer — (v) (Intermedio) corromper o pudrir un organismo orgánico Ejemplos: Las hojas secas hacen buen compost, pero se descomponen lentamente. Si no metes la carne en la nevera se va a descomponer enseguida. Colocaciones: descomponerse un cadáver… …   Español Extremo Basic and Intermediate

  • descomponer — v tr (Se conjuga como poner, 10c. Su participio es irregular: descompuesto) 1 Separar alguna cosa en las partes o los elementos que la componen: El agua se descompone en hidrógeno y oxígeno 2 prnl Perder una sustancia orgánica sus propiedades o… …   Español en México

  • descomponer — pop. Perder la serenidad, irritarse una persona …   Diccionario Lunfardo

  • descomponer(se) — Sinónimos: ■ desordenar, desbaratar, desarreglar, estropear, dañar, lastimar, averiar, gastar, desgastar, romper Antónimos: ■ ordenar, reparar Sinónimos: ■ separar, aislar, analizar, desmontar, dividir, desunir …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • descomponer — transitivo 1) desmontar, deshacer*, desarreglar*, desajustar, desbaratar*, desordenar, desencajar, descompaginar, descoyuntar, descuadernar. ≠ ordenar, arreglar, ajustar, encajar …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos


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